State Ballot For Energy Reforms
Author: Source: Datetime: 2016-11-07 08:47:59
Each plan shows that major US energy production and consumption decisions are usually made at the national level, especially in the federal policy of Washington's impasse.
In Colorado, voters will decide whether to make amendments to the national constitution more difficult, the recent opponents tried to limit hydraulic fracturing from shale deposits in the extraction process of oil and gas.
Amendment 71 would require approval of at least 55% of the vote to change the Colorado Constitution, rather than the simple majority, as well as in the state's 35 Senate districts with at least 2% of the registered voters' signatures on voting proposals.
The Colorado oil and gas industry strongly supported the "Raise Bar" initiative after environmentalists failed to bid for hydrofracturing measures this year and 2014 before national voters failed.
But support for Amendment 71 is broader than oil and gas interests alone, including the country's Democratic governor, John Hickenlooper, who says changing the Colorado constitution should be more difficult than it is now.
At the same time, voters in Florida and Nevada will face a referendum due to controversy over solar energy, as well as residents and businesses should rely more on roof panels and less on their local utilities.
Florida's First Amendment will give residents constitutional rights to own or lease solar energy equipment installed on their property in order to generate electricity for their own use, as has been prescribed by national law.
But making Florida's move particularly controversial is another provision that will ensure that consumers who do not install solar equipment do not need to subsidize backup power and the cost of grid-connected grids to access solar panels.
Supported by investor-owned utility companies such as Florida Power and Duke Energy, the referendum will invite national regulators to change or abandon so-called "net-metering" policies that require utilities to provide their customers with the solar power they produce , But according to the initiative of criticism, consumption of their own.
Utilities in Florida, Nevada and other states say the net metering policy is unfair to non-solar customers, including low-income communities that can not afford to buy solar powered portable generator panels and eventually pay more to maintain local power grids.
Opponents of the vote said it was through a third-party supplier of solar power to stop the monopoly of utilities in the state of Sunshine.
A similar debate is under way in Nevada, where the "energy selection" program will give customers the right to choose their electricity provider in an open retail market based on price, reliability and other factors, or to produce themselves from solar power batteries and other renewable energy sources Of electricity energy and sells any surplus electricity in the open market.
If approved by voters on Tuesday, the initiative will need to be approved in 2018 for the second time until 2023.
Supporters of the Nevada energy option proposal include MGM International, which is leveraging existing laws to work with NV Energy, the state's largest utility, and Tesla, a maker of electric vehicles that build a large battery plant in the state, Tesla).
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