New Energy Vehicle Subsidy Policy Comes Into Effect
Author: Source: Datetime: 2017-01-09 10:10:13
Compared to April 2015 issued by the "2016 new energy vehicles to promote the use of subsidy standards", the new subsidy policy not only significantly reduced the amount of subsidies, the new technical threshold requirements, and to the technical parameters as the standard to improve the battery Energy density, new energy vehicles such as the level of lightweight as the target, the subsidy standards were refined and refined.
These technical parameters, the "battery system energy density", "the total mass of the battery system, the proportion of the quality of the whole vehicle," "quick fill rate", "unit load mass energy consumption (Ekg)" "100 km power consumption" Power battery set by the technical parameters. Subsidies for new energy vehicles, the new subsidy standard is the amount of subsidies and power directly linked to the battery power.
So, at present, the average level of China's battery products can reach the new subsidy policy set by the technical threshold?
In the new subsidy policy, the core of the power battery technology threshold is the "battery energy density" and "fast fill rate." The specific requirements for the pure electric passenger car power battery system energy density of not less than 90Wh / kg (higher than 120Wh / kg by 1.1 times to give subsidies); non-fast-charging electric bus battery system energy density of not less than 85Wh / Kg; special vehicle load power battery system energy density of not less than 90Wh / kg. In addition, the fast-charging pure electric bus battery charging rate of not less than 3C.
The industry said that in the lithium iron phosphate of lifepo4 battery pack, the current market most of the battery system energy density level of 70wh / kg-80wh / kg or so, and now requires 90wh / kg is not high threshold, because the general lithium iron phosphate After the basic improvement of the battery can be achieved. In the ternary lithium battery, 90wh / kg already over, such as the battery for better design and planning, to 120kw / kg is not difficult.
Lithium titanate and other fast-charging power battery, the current charge level has reached about 5C. Therefore, the fast-charging battery class can not only meet the subsidy standards, but also get a higher amount of subsidies.
Safety requirements are lower than the power battery specifications in the energy density can be basically achieved (or further enhanced to achieve) policy standards under the premise of the new version of the subsidy policy on the power of the other two battery products standards - cycle life and safety standards, Particularly important. Then, the new subsidy policy on the power of these two parts of the battery standard is how to set it?
In the last part of the new subsidy policy stipulates that electric vehicle battery life cycle should be in accordance with national standard GB / T 31484-2015 to test and meet its requirements, but which 6.5 operating cycle cycle temporarily not implemented. The safety performance of power battery for electric vehicle shall be tested according to national standard GB / T31485-2015 and meet the requirements, but the 6.2.8,6.3.8 acupuncture test shall not be carried out temporarily. In addition, lithium-ion battery packs and systems for electric vehicles shall be tested in accordance with GB / T31467.3-2015 and meet their requirements.
After comparison, the new subsidy policy on the battery cycle life, safety requirements and published in August 2016, "new energy vehicles manufacturing enterprises and product access regulations" (Amendment Draft) the relevant provisions are basically the same. In addition, the provisions of the GB / T 31484-2015, 6.5 working conditions, the temporary implementation of cycle life and GB / T31485-2015, 6.2.8,6.3.8 acupuncture test temporarily not implemented, the new subsidy policy compared to November 2016 announced Of the "automotive power battery industry standard conditions (2017)" (draft), the required conditions have been reduced.
In summary, both from the energy density, or from the cycle life, safety standards, the new subsidy policy, although some pulled up the overall trend of the battery industry, but its requirements did not reach unattainable height. As for the technical indexes, such as the proportion of the total mass of the battery system to the mass of the whole vehicle, the energy consumption per unit (Ekg) and the power consumption per hundred kilometers, it is related to the level of vehicle structural design and light weight, Because these standards have been there or have been less than the previous standard upgrade, the industry has not become the focus of attention.
Lower cost pressures
Subsidy amount is greatly reduced is the new version of the subsidy policy by the industry another focus of attention. In accordance with the new subsidy standards for the calculation, the pure electric passenger car from the maximum limit of 55,000 in 2015 reduced to 4.84 million, plug-in hybrid passenger cars from 30,000 to 24,000, the new energy bus from 500,000 reduced to 300000. And because the local financial subsidies not more than 50% of the central government, integrated down, 2017 new energy passenger car government subsidies will be reduced by about 44,000 yuan. In the new energy bus, compared to the 2015 amount of subsidies, the new version of the amount of subsidy has been more than 50% slope.
If there is no accident, the subsidies after the new energy vehicles will be difficult to maintain the existing sales price. If you do not let the subsidy policy factors affect consumer acceptance of new energy vehicles, then reduce costs will become the only choice for new energy vehicles.
In this regard, many industry sources, the development of new energy vehicles bottlenecks in the power battery, due to the high price of power batteries, the state will subsidize new energy vehicles, subsidies for power plant battery purchase cost of the difference. Since subsidies are now back slope, then the battery business should think of ways to reduce the cost of the battery.
For this view, power battery business quite wronged. A power battery business executives said that the subsidy to the vehicle manufacturers face a lot of pressure. However, if the vehicle companies will be fully transmitted to the power battery business, which is very unfair to the battery business.
In fact, the power battery companies a lot of pressure to reduce costs. Such as the battery of China's previous article, "the dilemma of the battery power of the three: the downstream subsidy slope, the upstream raw material prices make the company difficult situation" analysis, the second half of 2015 to 2016, including battery cathode materials, electrolytes, copper and other raw materials Of the price soared, so that the power battery cost reduction is very difficult.
The pressure to subsidize the downward slope of the need to share the whole industry chain, upstream and downstream industries should be through technology research and development, depth of cooperation and other measures to resolve the pressure to tide over the crisis.
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